Year 10 – Changing Urban Environments

Changing Urban Environments

Key Idea Specification Content Scale
Urbanisation is a
global phenomenon.
Students should appreciate the different pace and causes of urbanisation in the rich and poor world. G

Urban areas have a
variety of functions and land uses.


Students should gain an appreciation of different functional parts of a settlement including locations of CBD, inner city, suburbs and rural – urban fringe. R/L

There are aspects
of urban living in a richer part of the world that need careful planning
in order to support the population and environment of cities and towns.




Overview of the issues facing many urban areas.
Housing – the attempts to satisfy the increased housing needs of
the population in different parts of the city.
Impact of Government strategies from the 1990s on the inner city.
Traffic – impact of increased use of road transport on the environment
and solutions aimed at reducing the impact.
Revitalising the image of the CBD by improving the physical environment.
Cultural Mix – factors causing ethnic segregation within urban areas.
Strategies aimed at supporting the multicultural nature of many urban areas.

Rapid urbanisation
has led to the development of squatter settlements and an informal sector
to the economy.


Characteristics of squatter settlements.
Effect on the lives of the people of living in squatter settlements.
Attempts by the inhabitants themselves to improve squatter settlements
over time.
Self Help, Site and Service and Local Authority schemes to improve squatter
A case study of a squatter settlement redevelopment.

Rapid urbanisation
in a poorer part of the world requires the management of the environmental
problems caused.


Effects of rapid urbanisation and industrialisation.
Difficulties of disposal of waste, much of which is toxic. Effects and
management of air and water pollution.

Attempts can be made
to ensure that urban living is sustainable.



Characteristics of a sustainable city.
Environmental – the importance of conserving the historic and natural
environment. Use of Brownfield sites. Reducing and safely disposing of
waste. Providing adequate open spaces.
Social – including local people in the decision-making process. Provision
of an efficient public transport system.
A case study of sustainable urban living.

Opportunities for
the use of GIS in this
section include:

Spatial developments
in urban areas across the globe, ethnicity patterns, GI S deprivation
maps, traffic management systems, urban pollution maps, land use planning.

Opportunities to study ALTERNATIVE FUTURES in this section include:

The effects of sustainable transport solutions, integrated systems,
controls on air quality, improvements to public transport etc.
Study how one city could be made more sustainable and how it could be
different in the future.