Year 13 – 2009 – Unit 4 – Skills and Statistics

This section will assess fieldwork skills. Questions will be set using data, skills and techniques used in fieldwork presentation and analysis to enable candidates to analyse, interpret and evaluate geographical information and apply understanding in unfamiliar contexts.


Basic Skills

To include:

• annotation of illustrative material, base maps, sketch maps, OS maps, diagrams, graphs, sketches, photographs etc

• use of overlays

• literacy skills.


Investigative Skills

To include:

• identification of geographical questions and issues, and effective approaches to enquiry

• identification, selection and collection of quantitative and qualitative evidence from primary

sources (including fieldwork) and secondary sources

• processing, presentation, analysis and interpretation of evidence

• drawing conclusions and showing an awareness of the validity of conclusions

• evaluation

• risk assessment and identification of strategies for minimising health and safety risks in undertaking



Cartographic Skills

To include use of:

• atlas maps

• base maps

• sketch maps

• Ordnance Survey maps at a variety of scales

• maps with located proportional symbols – squares, circles, semi-circles, bars

• maps showing movement – flow lines, desire lines

and trip lines

• detailed town centre plans

• choropleth, isoline and dot maps.

In addition, to include at A2:

• weather maps – including synoptic charts.


Graphical Skills

To include use of:

• line graphs – simple, comparative, compound and


• bar graphs – simple, comparative, compound and


• scatter graphs – and use of best fi t line

• pie charts and proportional divided circles

• triangular graphs

• kite and radial diagrams

• logarithmic scales

• dispersion diagrams.

ICT Skills

To include:

• use of remotely sensed data – photographs, digital images including those captured by satellite

• use of databases, eg census data, Environment Agency data; meteorological office data

• use of geographical information systems (GIS)

• presentation of text and graphical and cartographic images using ICT.


Statistical Skills

To include at AS:

• measures of central tendency – mean, mode, median

• measures of dispersion – interquartile range and standard deviation

• Spearman’s rank correlation test

• application of significance level in inferential statistical results.


In addition, to include at A2:

• comparative tests – Chi-squared, Mann Whitney U Test.